Cognitive behavioral therapy is a school of psychotherapy that aims to help people overcome their emotional problems.
Cognitive means mental processes like thinking. The word ‘cognitive’ refers to everything that goes on in your mind including dreams, memories, images, thoughts, and attention.
Behavior refers to everything that you do. This includes what you say, how you try to solve problems, how you act, and avoidance. Behavior refers to both action and inaction, for example biting your tongue instead of speaking your mind is still a behavior even though you are trying not to do something.
Therapy is a word used to describe a systematic approach to combating a problem, illness, or irregular condition. A central concept in CBT is that you feel the way you think. Therefore, CBT works on the principle that you can live more happily and productively if you’re thinking in healthy ways. This principle is a very simple way of summing up CBT.